Honegger’s “Judith” a Great Find!

Judith

HONEGGER: Judith. MILHAUD: La Creation du Monde / Netania Davrath, Blanche Christensen, sopranos; Madeleine Milhaud, narrator; Salt Lake City Symphonic Choir; Utah Symphony Orchestra; Maurice Abravanel, conductor / Vanguard Classics OVC-8088

I was poking around online for different stereo recordings of Milhaud’s famous La Creation du Monde when I ran across this gem: a one-act opera by Honegger that I’d never heard of before. So I started listening and was stunned by the music’s originality, creativity and emotional pull. As a result, I began searching for alternate recordings to compare it with. But guess what? This is the only recording of it ever made!

Why? Well, as it turns out, the music is not as consistently visceral as Jeanne d’Arc au Bûcher, which is recorded fairly often, but it is more dissonant. Those two features, apparently, have made it Jeanne d’Arc’s poor sister, the work no one pays any attention to. But Judith is a great work; it’s just not a great opera. With only two characters, a narrator and a chorus that takes roughly a third of the score, it was a mistake for Honegger to classify it as an opera. He just should have made it a dramatic oratorio like Jeanne d’Arc au Bûcher and left it at that.

The music, though a bit more understated than its more famous sister, is gripping. Soprano Netania Davrath, with her pure, straight tone, had a top-quality voice but was not a particularly interesting interpreter. No matter; much of the music speaks for itself. Narrator Madeleine Milhaud, who was both the wife and cousin of French composer Darius Milhaud, was well known as an outstanding actress, and her performance here is first-rate.

So too is that of the Utah Symphony under Maurice Abravanel, surely one of the most underrated conductors of the 20th century. “Stuck” in Salt Lake City for most of his career, he turned the orchestra into one of the finest in the United States and turned out a consistently high level series of recordings for Vanguard that have still not gotten their just due. The one weakness in this performance is the chorus. They’re not large enough, and the men, in particular, sound amateurish. My guess is that Abravanel had a hard time finding choral singers who could negotiate this difficult music, but at least they’re not so bad as to be embarrassing; it just sound like some summer festival pick-up group instead of a great chorale. One online critic claimed that they were consistently flat, but that’s just not so. Heck, we know that there were/are plenty of choral singers in Utah who can bang out Messiah lustily, but working your way through the largely bitonal Judith is a different ball of wax.

But beggars can’t be choosers, and there’s certainly enough quality music in Judith to make this a work you’ll want to hear. As for the performance of Milhaud’s La Creation du Monde, it’s pretty good but lacks some of the spunk and drive of the composer’s own recordings (one ancient one in mono and another in stereo). All in all, however, this is a recording you’ll want if you are a fan of 20th-century French music in general or Honegger in particular.

—© 2017 Lynn René Bayley

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My Blog Posts: The Highs and the Lows

Having a couple of free days, I decided to check the number of hits on ALL of my blog posts from the very beginning. I made two lists: those that have suffered from lack of exposure (10 or less hits), and those that I thought were “stars” because they received 50 or more hits. Yes, a lot of them fall in between, and that’s OK, but I thought it was interesting which ones have done well and which ones haven’t.

To start with, here are the stars of the show, the ones with 50 or more hits. I was a bit surprised to discover that my articles on Russell Oberlin (“The Greatest Countertenor of Them All”) and my review of Quartetto Energie Nove’s Janáček album have done even better than my articles on Art Tatum (“The Greatest Soloist in the History of Jazz”) or my retrospective on Django Reinhardt, but was astounded to learn how well my retrospective on Leif Segerstam in the 1970s had done and even more amazed at the all-time winner, my article on jazz clarinetist and saxist Chloe Feoranzo (“The Tender Flower of Jazz”). Here is the list of top winners as of today:

Most hits for articles (50 and over):
Wagner öhne wackelt (Wagner Without Wobbles) 186
The HIP Movement in Classical Music 264
Alice Babs (1924-2014): An Appreciation 63
Clifford Brown: The Bach of Jazz 87
Irish Girl Got the Blues 58
Dreams Are Nothing More Than Wishes: The Harry Nilsson Story 56
The Greatest Soloist in the History of Jazz 100
Piano Four Hands: Paolo and Stephanie Weave Their Magic 175
The Great Klaus Tennstedt 151
A Love Letter to the Boswell Sisters 100
Luciano Berio’s Finale to “Turandot” 67
Erwin Schulhoff’s Jazz-Based Piano Fantasies 80
Mark Kaplan Pierces the Heart of Bach 345
Eubie Blake’s “Shuffle Along” Back Out on CD 79
Mark Murphy’s Last Live Recording a Gem 51
Quincy Jones’ Orchestra Sizzles in Ludwigshafen , 1961 61
First Installment of the Michael Gielen Edition” a Winner 168
Shapiro’s Schubert a Labor of Love 89
Danny Bacher: A Swinger From Way Back, Here Today 64
Laurin, Paradiso and Marinčič Bring the French Baroque to Life 58
Regietheater, the Ruination of Opera 241
Klara Takács’ Recital Reissue a Gem 89
Alchemy Sound Project Goes Metaphysical 110
Discovering Lucille Udovich 60
Dunér’s “Dizzy” is a Whirlwind of Creativity 403
A Sizzling “Penthesilea” From Martha Mödl & Co 50
Orledge’s Debussy Operas on CD at Last 100
Erkin’s Little-Known Music a Wow 189
Rilling’s Last Bach “Mass in B Minor” the Best 325
Bill Evans’ “Loose Blues” Out Again on CD 57
Remembering Leif Segerstam in the 1970s 355
Leon Russell, the Neglected Genius 828
Frank Martin’s “Dance of Death” a Strange, Moving Work 63
Gluzman Makes Love to Prokofiev 65
The Tender Flower of Jazz 1,007
The Greatest Countertenor of Them All 276
Quartetto Energie Nove Nails Janáček 433
Litton’s Prokofiev Structured Yet Exciting 61
Aksel Rykkvin an Excellent Boy Treble 224
The Legendary Wanda Landowska 167
Berl Senofsky Astounds in Newly-Released Recital 57
Traveling East-West With the Jandzarski-McCraven Quintet 83
More Than Meets the Ear in Katz’ “Jailhouse Doc” 169
The Belcea Quartet Digs Brahms! 63
Beekman’s Well-Crafted New CD 54
Tindall’s Tuba Thrills in “Transformations” 147
Weinberg’s 17th Symphony in a Great New Recording 67
Joey Alexander’s “Countdown” 73
Fairouz’ “Zabur” Moving, Stunning Music 18
Baker’s Final Testament: The Art of Jazz Solos 252
Libretto for Chabrier’s “L’Etoile” Now Available! 111
Pianist Sasaki Tackles Clara Schumann 151
No Joke! “The Polish Wedding” Will Knock Your Socks Off! 74
The Great Leonard Rose Rises to the Occasion 67
C.P.E. Bach’s Organ Music Wild, Scintillating 117
Dorothy Donegan: A Study in Frustration 91
Yondani Butt’s Very Good Beethoven 50
Ohlsson’s Mindblowing Scriabin 87
Björling’s and Tebaldi’s Neglected “Cavalleria” Reissued 71
The Amazing Fats Waller 53
Gielen Edition Vol. 4 a Mixed Bag 113
Finley’s Sibelius Tribute Fascinating and Deeply-Felt 112
Josh Green’s Debut Album Really Hops! 130
“hat trick” Weaves a Spell on Listeners 68
Sidney Jacobs’ Second CD Interesting and Stylish 66
Kick-Butt Brahms from Vladar, Kouzmanova-Vladar & Amara 103
Hughes’ “Dream Keeper” Blends Jazz and Poetry 104
Carsten Dahl Takes You on a Head Trip 253
Fricker’s String Quartets Moody, Dense 77
Carollo’s Music Intense, Deceptively Creative 52
Jiyhe Lee: A Name to Watch in Jazz 78
Tucker’s Great “La Juive” Reissued at Last 79
Garrido’s Stunning Monteverdi Operas & Vespers Reissued 155
Andrew Davis Cracks Open the Ives Fourth 66
Weinberg’s Violin Sonatas Given a New Interpretation 58
Kamus Has Fun With Finnish String Quartets 50
Hindemith’s “Das Marienleben” in a Great New Recording 183
Weinberg’s Piano Quintet & String Quartet No. 7 in New Recordings 61
Tina Raymond’s “Left Right Left” a Wild Ride 54
Fumio Yusada Digs Satie! 65
Surprising New Recording of Saint-Saëns Rare Opera 56
Gregory Mertl’s Music Dynamic, Humorous 62
Molly Kien’s Music Fluid, Moving 54
Monk’s “Les Liaisons Dangereuses” Released At Last 54
Barab’s “Red Riding Hood” a Laugh Riot 126
Stephanie & Saar Make “The Art of Fugue” Enjoyable! 180
Ponce’s Piano Music Brought to Life by Cendoya 55
O Sister! Stompin’ Down the Boswells’ Path 69
Muczynski’s Chamber Music Brilliantly Played on Brilliant Classics 60
Alice Coote Marvelous in Mahler Song Cycles 214
Harberg & Wolpert’s Viola Concertos 61

And now, here are the poor little draggers. Yes, a few of them are retrospective articles, but they’re interesting retrospective articles. Really! I put a lot of thought and care into writing them. And some are retrospectives of artists who really deserve greater exposure, particularly Sam Donahue’s great WW2 Navy Band that has had ZERO HITS! ZERO! But there are some seriously good reviews in this list, too. I’ve marked them with a star (asterisk) for easy reference. If you’re interested, just go to “Older Blog Posts” (from my homepage) to click on the links of the ones you’d like to read. It’s not my ego that’s hurting. I put these articles and reviews up to promote some of the better and less recognized artists and composers whose work really should be listened to. Here’s the Z list:

Least hits for articles (10 or less):
Biggs Gets the Ragtime Bug 1
King Oliver’s Last Will and Testament 7
The Highs and Lows of DG’s Barber Songs Reissue 4
Villa-Lobos Quartet Reissue a Must-Have 10
Sassy’s Late Basie-Band Album a Knockout 9
Morlot Completes his “Doodly-oo” Orchestral Cycle 8
Moons Over Myriad3: Their Third Album 6
Vänskä’s Sibelius Crisp, Bright, Buoyant 7
Marian Anderson’s “Snoopycat” Lives Forever 7
Trio Solisti Digs Into Russian Romantics 7
Leonhardt Creates Magic at the Keyboard 8
Serkin’s Beethoven Concertos Top a Crowded Field 5
Sanchez and Smith in the Twine Forest 5
Sanders and Strosdahl Explore “Jazzical Moods” 5
Another Wunderlich Reissue Cements His Legend 6
Satie Quartet Covers a Range of French Music 6
Sonny Rollins Dominates His Own Jazz Party 7
Victor’s Biggest Bonehead Errors 9
Ginastera’s Mindblowing Early Ballet Impresses 9
Fascinating CPE Bach Pieces on New CD 9
Matthew Kaminski Swings at Churchill Grounds 6
Ortiz’ Fascinating “Hidden Voices” in New CD 9
Peplowski Enraptures Listeners in New Album 8
Ratatet’s “Arctic” Unusual, Thought-Provoking Jazz 9
Saariaho’s “Woman’s Opera” Fascinating But Overdone 9
The Singer’s Singer 10
Hating On Benny 5
Szymański’s Eccentric Harpsichord Pieces 10
Freddy Cole’s Cool Christmas Album Reissued 10
Pahud Explodes in Bach Concertos 10
Hill’s and Shimada’s Surprisingly Great Prokofiev 4
Martinů’s “Field Mass,” Double Concerto Inspire and Delight 8
Höhenrieder and the Saxon Chamber Players Do Sextets 7
Mulligan’s Great Early Arrangements in Stereo 7
Anick and Yeager “United” in New Album 10
Krupa’s Last Recorded Performance a Gem 5
Papandopulo’s Music Strange, Mysterious, But Lively 10
Re-Evaluating Maud Powell 4
Solal and Kuhn Take Flight in Paris 9
McLean’s “Capuchin Swing” Hard-Hitting, Thrilling 5
Exploring “Baby” Sommer’s Wild, Multi-Faceted Jazz 7
“Duke’s Dream” a Fascinating, Creative Tribute 7
Ehnes Plays Beautiful Bach 9
Zabaleta Creates Music on the Harp 6
Vadim Neselovskyi Makes His Trio Debut 8
Carwithen’s Bold Scores Conducted by Hickox Reissued 8
Roberta Peters’ Forgotten Recital 7
Matthews’ Violin Pieces Engaging, Inventive 7
Amandine Beyer Plays Superb C.P.E. Bach 8
Anna Kokits Plays Toch 10
Cervetti’s “Triptych Celebration” Powerful, Moving 6
Matt Haimovitz’ New Album a Mixed Bag 5
Beirach and Huebner Cook at Birdland 3
The Nat King Cole Trio’s Last European Stand 4
Ulf and Erik Wakenius Create Guitar Magic 7
Neeme Järvi’s Busoni Set Reissued 5
Steprans’ Hip Little Quintet Cooks 7
Rozhdestvensky’s Marvelous Enescu Recordings Reissued 4
Hausegger’s Amazing Orchestral Works Exhumed 8
Laks’ Startling Chamber Works Revealed 6
Hyeseon Hong’s “Ee-Ya-Gi” a Strange But Fascinating CD 6
Segerstam Contrasts His Work With Brahms 7
Maureen Batt’s Walter Scott Adventure 3
Eric Ineke Plays With the Tenor Giants 6
Rodziński’s Stupendous “Khovanshchina” Reissued 3
Albert Mangelsdorff Invites Some Friends 5
Mátyás Sieber’s Jazz-Infused Fun Pieces 2
Landrus’ Debut Disc Inconsistent But Interesting 3
Tortellier’s Dutilleux Cycle Reissued 0
Deller’s Final Recital Among His Best 3
Neunecker’s Strauss Will Blow You Away 4
Forgotten Jazz Orchestras: Sam Donahue’s Navy Band 0
New John Carollo CD Has Fine Music 7
Casella’s Second Symphony Dazzles Under Ventura 4

Well, there you go. For those who are keeping score, the number of great successes still outweighs the runts of the litter…and those not listed above are doing fairly well, having drawn between 11 and 49 hits apiece.

Sayonara!

—Lynn René Bayley

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Peter Seabourne’s Fascinating Piano Mosaics

 

Seabourne covers

STEPS Vol. 4 / SEABOURNE: Libro di Canto Italiano / Fabio Menchetti, pianist / Sheva Contemporary SH104

STEPS Vol. 5 / SEABOURNE: 16 Steps Before a Crucifixion / Alessandro Viale, pianist / Sheva Contemporary SH136

Peter Seabourne is apparently a British composer who is drawing the attention of Italian pianists. A graduate of both Cambridge and York Universities, he apparently became dissatisfied with his own music and developed a hatred for “much in the new music world,” which led him to stop writing for 12 years. According to the notes, “In 2001 a chance set of circumstances caused a sudden reawakening; there ‘arrived’ a new voice, and a flood of new pieces, including concerti, symphonies and other orchestral music, along with chamber, vocal and solo works. Since 2004 he has won six international prizes and has been commissioned many times. His work has been played across Europe and the Americas from New York to Yerevan, Lahti to Rio de Janiero, and been broadcast in Finland, Czech Republic, Germany and Norway.”

Seabourne partially explains the Italian connection in the booklet for Steps Vol. 4:

My good friend Giuseppe Fausto Modugno was so kind in presenting movements from my piano cycle Steps Volume 2: Studies of Invention at his festival in Modigliana in 2009. I decided, whilst in Italy, to dedicate to him a new cycle.

Originally I had intended to create (somewhat harshly, perhaps) a portrait of Bertinoro: a lovely village near Forlì, but which had given me no sleep or peace for two weeks with its incessant dog-barking and loud, music of the very worst sort, played until the small hours. Except for one little “souvenir”, a different idea slowly formed: this was to create an “Italian song book” (title after Hugo Wolf) with relatively short pieces in clearly drawn colours and characters. These had the facets of Giuseppe’s playing in mind.

Over the next two years a substantial set developed (concurrently with Steps Volume 3: Arabesques). During this time I also read the life story of Modigliani (co-incidentally sharing names with Giuseppe’s Festival location!). The painter’s ultimately tragic love added its own particular colour to the cycle.

In short, this work has simply evolved and travelled sideways to embrace many things. I hope it captures the breadth of those qualities perhaps most Italian: passion, playfulness, rebelliousness, a sense of theatre, vitality and, well, yes a little chaos too!… It is a series of cameo snapshots.

Judging from the music on these CDs, Seabourne composes music in small pieces and vignettes. Within each piece of his cycles, he focuses on a specific harmonic-rhythmic connection, producing wholly self-contained works lasting from 1:15 to 3:30 in length. Occasionally, as in the third piece of the Libro di Canti Italiano, he will juxtapose two themes, after which he endeavors to combine them, but this is rare for him. Some of these pieces just stop in the midst of what seems like a point of continuation; for the main, Seabourne uses relatively simple building blocks but does not give us simplistic music. It is music of some depth of mood and feeling, also at times of construction, but the subtlety with which he constructs his music almost sounds like the simpleness of Satie mixed with features of Tansman and other French-based composers of piano vignettes.

There is a wonderful feeling of lightness and humor in some of this music; I believe it is this lightness and sunniness that appeals so greatly to the Italians. Interestingly, it is music that works extremely well as background music or, perhaps more specifically, music for passive listening on a day when you want something to challenge your mind but nothing too heavy or dense. This makes it sound dangerously close to cocktail music, and although it is more than that it is not necessarily a derogatory assessment. Satie and Tansman can be used in exactly the same way. And certainly, in a piece such as No. 7 of the Libro di Cante, titled “Canzone Bacchia,” the pianist’s forceful attack and the unusual scalar structure of the piece would disrupt your quiet conversation if that is what you were having at the time. Seabourne describes this piece as staggering “drunkenly, with irregular steps, tongue-tied and a head full of bravado.”

Taking of Christ

Caravaggio, “The Taking of Christ”

In Vol. 5, 16 Steps Before a Crucifixion were inspired by the paintings of Caravaggio, whose “brilliant, but wild, often violent” works “depicted several scenes of incidents preceding the crucifixion,” though ironically he never produced a picture of Christ on the cross. Here Seabourne maintains his economy of gesture and sparseness of line while producing music that is considerably darker, more menacing and thus, to my ears, richer in content than Vol. 4. Pianist Alessandro Viale is fully into the spirit of the work, too, digging into the keyboard and producing some hair-raising effects. The pianist’s biography is fascinating: as a youngster he quickly became bored with exercises and instead attacked a new piece of music every week, “playing anything and everything (except jazz!).” Why he forsook jazz, we are not told, and I despair that he no longer has an imagination for the open-ended quality of that music. Nevertheless, I liked his playing, even within the context of the gentler pieces, more emotionally engaged than Menchetti on Vol. 4, and now begin to wonder what that music might have sounded like if Viale played on both volumes.

Christ on the column

Caravaggio, “Christ on the column”

Seabourne lays much more heavily into motor rhythms in these pieces in addition to louder volume and and a sharper, almost violent keyboard approach. True, some of the scenes are gentle and lyrical, i.e. the third piece, titled “Gentle – Berceuse-like” and the tenth piece, “Lento – Semplice,” but for the most part the score is rife with directions such as “relentless,” “ominous,” “troubled,” “brutal,” “lamenting – increasingly crushing” and “violent.” Moreover, I felt that there was more continuity from piece to piece in this suite…not that the Libro di Canto Italiano were poorer pieces, only that they were more isolated from one another. Here mood, if nothing else, connects them like a glue. I was fascinated by the variety of rhythmic displacement Seabourne used here to create tension; terse, crushed chords abut one another like an angry mob trying to reach its prey. In piece No. 9, “Vicious – Brutal,” one can almost see the mob accosting Christ and throwing him over to the Romans.

All in all, this is music of great rhythmic-harmonic variety though it never really leaves the tonal system, and tremendous pictorial and emotional power. I was continually struck by how very different this Peter Seabourne was from the composer presented in Vol. 4. It was hearing a baritone sing Schubert’s Die Forelle, followed immediately by Carl Loewe’s Edward—sunshine and light followed by brutality and darkness. To my mind, this is a real masterpiece.

Thus although I will give a positive spin to both releases, they are completely different in content: one jovial and playful, the other just the opposite. You may, however, choose to own both because of the contrasts in style.

—© 2017 Lynn René Bayley

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Casella’s Second Symphony Dazzles Under Ventura

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CASELLA: Symphony No. 2. “La Donna Serpente,” Suite No. 1 / Münster Symphony Orchestra; Fabrizio Ventura, conductor / Ars Produktion ARS38232

I’ve long been puzzled as to why so much hoopla has been given to composers Puccini, Mascagni and Respighi (although Respighi was clearly the best of those three) while the music of Alfredo Casella and Giorgio Ghedini languished in obscurity. Surely the exceptional quality of their music was enough to make it welcome in the concert halls of the late 20th century, but such was not the case. Then again, these came concert halls were never very welcoming to Casella’s and Respighi’s teacher, Giuseppe Martucci, who has been slammed by posterity as being merely a pale imitator of Brahms.

Born in 1883 and coming to prominence by his 19th birthday, Casella is clearly a late Romantic, but his music has inspired and fascinating touches of Strauss, Debussy and even Scriabin in his use of harmony and orchestration. This second symphony, which premiered a mere 10 days after Mahler’s “Resurrection” Symphony in Paris in 1910, is clearly one of the composer’s most gripping and original works. In addition to the composers noted above, this work also contains a few touches I would call Mahlerian, particularly in the use of basses and cellos to anchor the orchestra while tympani and cymbals thunder behind them. For the most part, the orchestra focuses on the lower and mid ranges of all the instruments, only occasionally swirling up to highr realms and then only for accent and emphasis. Little tunes that do not sound quite Italianate come and go in the course of this movement, interspersed with the more dramatic passages. At 11:01 Casella even seems to be channeling the opening of Wagner’s Das Rheingold by using very low strings and winds to sustain long-held chords. And through it all, conductor Fabrizio Ventura pushes the Münster Symphony Orchestra to give every ounce of passion and feeling in this music.

The edgy scherzo in the second movement, written several years before the rest of the symphony, has more in common with Russian composers than German or Italian, centered around an ostinato C minor rhythm of triplet-quarter note-triplet-quarter note-etc., above which the orchestra swirls. Eventually there is a surprising switch to C major as the orchestra plays a more Alpine-like tune before returning to the agitation of the opening. Casella colors his orchestra here with a xylophone and splashes of winds against a sea of brass and lower strings. Tympani and growling low brass also usher in the restless slow movement in F-sharp minor, which uses a singing cantabile melody in a manner that goes in and out of darkness and sunlight. Downward wind passages play against edgy strings while the French horns interject comments.

The last movement is oddly split in two, an 11-minute march-to-the-scaffold-type grotesquerie in C minor and a seven-minute “Epilogue” afterward. Casella pulled out all the stops in this magnificent finale, coming up with themes and sub-themes of astounding invention and orchestral color. Eventually, around 8:40, the music slows down to a funereal pace with funereal music to match. The Epilogue picks up from the turgid last moments of the 4th movement and slowly rises into a more positive nimbus of strings and winds, somewhat like the last movement of Mahler’s Third Symphony, rising to a heroic and upbeat climax of trumpets and trombones with trilling violins to send them off.

I found Ventura’s performance of this symphony significantly better than that of Francesco La Vecchia on Naxos and with far more atmosphere than the rushed, glib reading by Gianandrea Noseda. I would encourage Ventura to record all of Casella’s symphonies, so superb is this reading.

Casella’s only opera, La Donna Serpente, was based on a fantastic tale by Carlo Gozzi, whose work also inspired Wagner (Die Feen), Puccini and Busoni (Turandot) and Prokofiev (Love for Three Oranges), but the critics dismissed the work when it was premiered in 1932. This led Casella to condense some of the best musical ideas from the opera into two short suites, of which the first is presented here. Once again Ventura gets into the spirit of the music better than his competitors, bringing out much more color and an intense feeling in the instrumental choirs.

This is a first-rate CD, well worth acquiring for fans of this oft-neglected Italian composer.

—© 2017 Lynn René Bayley

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New John Carollo CD Has Fine Music

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CAROLLO: The Rhetoric and Mythos of Belief. The Transfiguration of Giovanni Baudino. Let Freedom Ring. Do You Have an E.R. for Music? Symphony No. 2 (The Circle of Fire). Move Towards the Light (Your Destiny Awaits You) / Moravian Philharmonic Orchestra; Petr Vronsky, conductor / Navona Records NV6109

This album, which will be released on August 11, will be Parma Records’ 500th release and the first to also be available on LP for those who are into that.

Having become somewhat familiar with Carollo’s music through his previous release, Starry Night, I was a bit taken aback by his four-part Rhetoric and Mythos of Belief. For the most part, Carollo eschews his normal contrapuntal style in favor of slow, sad, meditative movements, all scored for strings alone. In the first we have a deeply-felt Adagio in the vein of Samuel Barber’s most famous piece. It is not a clone by any means—Carollo takes his theme in different directions with a different feeling for harmony—but it is a close cousin. It is also just as deeply moving and emotional. The second movement, marked “Animato – Largo,” returns us in the beginning to Carollo’s more familiar style, but this only lasts about 30-40 seconds. We are then returned to a slow tempo, but now the melodic line is more angular and the harmony spikier. The “animato” tempo recurs again towards the end.

The third movement, marked “Tranquillo (Existential Loneliness as a Background for Joy and Sorrow),” returns us to the sad mood of the first, as does the fourth “ Misterioso/Meditativo.” The last, titled “Intenso,” is just that, albeit not at a particularly fast pace. Overall, I liked some of the music in this suite very much but found some of the slow passages a bit too similar to one another.

I admit to having been baffled who Giovanni Baudino was, or how or why he became transfigured. If you Google it you’ll come up with people of that name born in 1899, 1905, and a living Giovanni Baudino on Twitter and Facebook. The closest I came was the Baudino Family Tree on Ancestry.com, where a Giovanni Baudino was apparently born and died sometime in the 18th century (no specific dates provided). Eventually the composer solved the riddle for me. He was a war orphan, and that was his original name before he was adopted by the Carollo family! The music, however, is superb, being simultaneously dramatic and quite chipper in mood. Here the orchestra seems primarily made up of brass (trumpets, trombones, French horns, tuba), winds, and piano. Carollo has a ball exploring “Baudino’s” transformation through a most imaginative score, although the music retains essentially the same mood throughout its 11-minute length depsite a slow passage towards the end. This piece and the following one were previously released as part of the Winter’s Warmth CD (Navona 6091).

Let Freedom Ring is a bit different, here using a full chamber orchestra, playing swirling string figures against slower-moving figures by the winds and brass. This piece was particularly imaginative in its scoring and its boisterous use of percussion. Yet even more creative, in fact on of the highlights of this CD, was the jocular Do You Have an E.R. For Music?, in which Carollo has fun bouncing around in syncopated figures which the Moravian orchestra has just a wee bit of trouble playing with the proper swagger.

We then arrive at his second symphony. This opens with a solo flute figure, picked up by oboe, which is then developed briefly by other winds. Interestingly, the music is light and playful, almost defying the title of the symphony, “The Circle of Fire.” Indeed, the lightweight scoring and humorous nature of the piece defies most people’s ideas of a symphony, period. This first movement (titled “A Recording is the Antithesis of His Aesthetic”) is almost a divertimento. Both the mood and scoring reminded me of the whimsical Polka from Shostakovich’s The Golden Age. The second movement, “Line and Polyphony,” is in a more serious vein but no less barely-scored or contrapuntal. Heavy brass “pushes” the beat along like a steamroller. The last movement (“The Rein Which Resists Allegory Run Riot”) is in a much faster tempo, playing the instruments against one another in a continuous line of music. This movement was particularly well conceived, and ends in a riot of humor.

The album concludes with Move Towards the Light, which returns us to the more ethereal, sedate mood of the opening work. For me, personally, this was even more beautiful and moving, a simply luminous work that probes one’s inner feelings quite deeply.

If I may be permitted an observation that is more about the performance than the compositions, it didn’t seem to me that the orchestra had much rehearsal time or was comfortable with some of this music. In other words, I found myself having to judge the music—which, of course, was entirely new to me—from performances that were clean and professional but sometimes lacked a good rhythmic “bounce.” These things happen in the recording world nowadays, and I understand that, but I couldn’t help feeling that some of these pieces (particularly the Second Symphony) would sound much better in the hands of an orchestra comfortable with its rhythms and musical syntax.

Overall, however, a fine recording, well worth exploring!

—© 2017 Lynn René Bayley

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Paul Chihara’s Whimsical Music

Chihara

TAKE THE “A” TRAIN / CHIHARA: String Trio / Gavin String Trio / Bagatelles / Jerome Lowenthal, pianist / The Girl From Yerevan / David Starobin, guitarist; Movaes Pogossian, violinist; Paul Coletti, violist / Ellington Fantasy: I’m Beginning the See the Light; Sophisticated Lady; Take the “A” Train / Lark Quartet / Bridge 9488

Japanese-American composer Paul Chihara generally writes music that is both intriguing and entertaining, and in this new CD he has hit the jackpot. Despite the album’s title, and the fact that it does indeed close with a string quartet arrangement of Billy Strayhorn’s classic, the general mood of the album is not jazz-oriented but is one of Chihara’s strongest collections.

The opening String Trio is, for Chihara, unusually angular and almost mathematical in its balance, thus I wasn’t surprised to learn that this work was influenced by the artword of M.C. Escher. Individual strands play against one another but also blend into a three-way dialogue with each instrument, sometimes the violin vs. the viola and cello. Although in three movements, they are played without a break, yet the listener can clearly feel the shifts in mood and structure (the slow middle movement has more homogeneous playing by the trio). Occasionally, as is his usual style, Chihara breaks out discernible melodies, but they never last very long and fold back into the ongoing dialogue. The notes tell us that he used the opening fugue from Beethoven’s C-sharp minor quartet (Op. 131) in his last movement, but there’s also a unique swagger to the rhythm that I found appealing.

Pianist Jerome Lowenthal describes the Bagatelles as “Twice Seven Haiku for Piano,” and this is what Chihara has subtitled his work. The individual pieces bear titles such as “Like falling leaves…,” “Drinking song for kittens…,” “Hip hop farmer…” “Misty fugue…” and “La Valse de Chatons (The Waltz for Kittens).” The music is Chihara at his most humorous and whimsical, pictorial but also musically intriguing. He uses almost simple building blocks for these pieces, yet manages to say something new and refreshing. Some of the pieces have a “lounge music” feel to them without really being that simplistic. Once in a while you’ll hear a tune that resembles American Indian music, at other times a sort of retrograde ballad with one hand playing the melody of the other in reverse, etc. At one point he quotes the old folk song Red Wing. The first bagatelle of the second set is titled “Hommage aus trois B’s (Bach, Brahms, Bolcom).” All in all, a witty, charming set.

The Girl from Yerevan, composed for the Dilijan concert series and its artistic director, violinist Movses Pogossian, blends Armenian folk songs, the music of Khachaturian and “samba-esque stylizations of João Gilberto.” Chihara admits that he didn’t know, when he accepted the commission, “that Armenia is a totally land-locked country with no ocean beaches…no Ipanema!” But he still managed to create something new, elegant, and yes, entertaining. David Starobin, Bridge records’ co-owner, plays on this one and he’s a fine guitarist. Listening to the full piece, the layout and feel of the music is most definitely classical depite the folk influence (and the quasi-Latin beat). The guitar acts primarily as commentator to the ongoing musical dialogue, played by the strings in unison or close harmony, though there are some nice solo spots for Starobin.

The genesis of Chihara’s Ellington Fantasy is intriguing. While conversing with surviving members of the Duke Ellington band, the composer learned that the musicians often played string instruments when performing in “polite society,” even though they “had not studied string playing formally.” Chihara took over this project when Duke’s son Mercer told him that he didn’t have the time or energy to arrange his father’s songs for string quartet. Chihard was lucky that Ellington and his publisher, Belwyn Mills, gave him permission to arrange and publish any songs of his choice. The three he picked are good ones, but all famous ones. How I would have liked to hear string arrangements of such lesser-known fare as Dooji Wooji, The Sergeant Was Shy or Fugue-a-Ditty.

Interestingly, the first song presented here, I’m Beginning to See the Light, was a collaboration between Ellington and trumpeter-bandleader Harry James, who made it a number one hit. Ellington’s star alto saxist Johnny Hodges and lyricist Don George are also credited as co-composers…I’d hate to see how they split those royalty checks! The mini-suite is played beautifully by the Lark Quartet whose lead violinist, Maria Bachmann, also plays in Trio Solisti in addition to having a solo career. She once told me that she’d love to be able to play jazz like Stéphane Grappelli, one of her idols. Listening carefully to these arrangements, she seems to be the one who comes closest to swinging, with cellist Astrid Schween a surprisingly close second. Chihara thrown in some nice touches of his own, including quickly-shifting keys and occasional bitonal passages. The brief but mysterious introduction to Sophisticated Lady is wonderful, though overall this is the closest to a straight, chamber-music-style chart, with Bachmann’s glistening tone shining like a beacon throughout. Billy Strayhorn’s classic Take the “A” Train, which many people mistakenly believe was written by Duke, provides the closer and a fine arrangement it is. Chihara retains Strayhorn’s original opening, with its descending diminished chords, before leading into the melody proper. He also keeps a few elements of Ray Nance’s memorable trumpet solo, which many listeners almost feel is a part of the tune, but there are many little surprises throughout. Once again, Bachmann’s violin is the swingingest in the group.

Overall, an eclectic mixture of styles, but that’s what makes this one of Paul Chihara’s more interesting albums!

—© 2017 Lynn René Bayley

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Lerdahl’s Music a World of Its Own

Lerdahl 5

LERDAHL: Episodes and Refrains / Windscdape / Quiet Music / Quattro Mani / Times 3 / Weiss-Kaplan-Stumpf Trio / Time and Again / St. Paul Chamber Orchestra; Claudio Abbado, conductor / Bridge 9484

Fred Lerdahl (1943 – ) is a name I know I’ve run across before in my years as a reviewer, and liked his music, but my now-faulty memory plays me tricks nowadays and I can’t recall where or when I heard him. Nonetheless, this disc, which is Vol. 5 in an ongoing series of his works on Bridge, is so striking in its originality and so striking in its unusual use of timbral blends and harmony that I know I shall not forget him again.

From the opening bars of Episodes and Refrains we are plunged into his sound world. Lerdahl uses both wide intervals and close ones in a unique way; indeed, I would go so far as to say that the harmony not only dictates the top line but also the mood of each piece. Of course, in this instance he is blessed to have an outstanding group of musicians to play his music; in the case of Episodes and Refrains it is the wind quintet Windscape, which includes the brilliant flautist Tara Helen O’Connor whose CD I gave an enthusiastic review to last year, as well as the excellent French hornist David Jolley, another name I’m sure I’ve seen before. In Times 3 the piano trio includes the outstanding violinist Mark Kaplan, whose Bach Sonatas and Partitas also got a stellar review on this blog last year. Thus in nearly every instance, Lerdahl is fortunate to have some of the very best professionals playing his music.

Although Lerdahl’s music never quite resolves itself harmonically, there are moments when it sounds as if the harmony is resolving. It’s an aural illusion, one he creates by virtue of letting the other instruments fall away, thus exposing the lead line which in itself “resolves” in the listener’s ear. It’s a fascinating way of writing, and one that I can’t recall anyone else doing.

The same principles can be heard in Quiet Music, played by the piano duo Quattro Mani (Steven Beck and Susan Grace). Here, Lerdahl avoids some of the angst in the first piece by lightening the texture (which, as I stated above, leads to the ear resolving his chords) and simplifying the music by using less notes and more space. It’s difficult to say exactly how Lerdahl processes these elements of his music while writing it. The liner notes quote him as saying that he incorporates “cognitively plausible modes of organization” that “accept the past and express inwardness,” but that’s fairly cerebral and doesn’t really address the issue. By the middle of this piece, despite its relatively quiet and simple aesthetic, the harmonic clashes between the two pianos begins to disorient the listener in terms of where he or she is both rhythmically and harmonically, but soon enough Lerdahl straightens things out again. The steady, almost monotonous rhythm and limited harmonic movement in this piece suggest minimalism, yet the music is richer than most minimalist pieces.

Also, you could never really call Times 3 a minimalist piece. Here, working with a piano trio, Lerdahl is almost forced to use the instruments in a traditional sense, yet in the context of the score they almost never play together or even in a coordinated manner, but rather they play against each other continually. At times the music here put me in mind of Marius Constant, the underrated French composer best known for his Twilight Zone theme. Sometimes the music is quiet, almost questioning; at other times, it sounds like a cat chasing its tail. In one of the more intriguing passages, the violin holds long notes while the piano interjects staccato chords and the cello plays an edgy, repeated motif at various moments. It almost sounds spontaneous. At another point, the piano plays the edgy motif while the strings play an almost wistful-sounding series of strummed chords. In this way, Lerdahl plays around with space and time.

An interesting aspect of Time and Again is that, although it is written for a chamber orchestra, you don’t automatically realize this when it starts, for once again Lerdahl is writing in terms of discrete sounds. What I mean by this is that the strings, winds, horns etc. all play their “own thing” independently of each other, only occasionally interacting. Although this is not so uncommon in chamber works, it is extremely rare in orchestral music. The peculiar pacing of the music—once again, including stops and starts, abrupt rhythmic shifts and thematic material that seems to abut each other but not always develop logically—keeps the listener on edge. I can also imagine that it keeps the performers on their toes. This particular recording was made available to Bridge by Minnesota Public Radio, since it stems from a 2015 broadcast.

I will certainly be interested in reviewing anything by Lerdahl that comes along in the future; this is one amazing and original composer!

—© 2017 Lynn René Bayley

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